Each personality type consists of 4 different letters. This makes up 16 different personality types. Here are descriptions of what each letter represents. Everyone is unique and will have some traits of all 8 letters, but will often be more inclined towards one letter in each pair.
(E) Extrovert vs. (I) Introvert
How we gain our energy.
The main difference between extroverts and introverts is that introverts gain their energy by being alone and extroverts gain their energy by being with others. One is not better than the other, and extroverts are not always loud and introverts are not always quiet. Introverts often enjoy social gatherings, but will get drained faster while involved in these settings. Extroverts also tend to want to be around people more but they still feel they need time alone sometimes.
|Gain energy from inner world||Gain energy from outer world|
|Thinks to clarify thoughts||Speaks to clarify thoughts|
|Prefer depth over breadth||Prefer breadth over depth|
|Initially is seen as difficult to get to know||Initially seen as easy to get to know|
|Likes to work independently||Prefers to work with others|
|Few close relationships||Many relationships|
|Reflects before making decisions||Tends to make decisions quickly|
(S) Sensing vs. (N) Intuitive
How we take in information.
The main difference between sensing and intuition is that sensors take in information via their five senses and through facts, and intuitives take in information via patterns, impressions ands possibilities.
|Process information through the five senses||Process information through patterns|
|Thinks in the here and now||Thinks of future possibilities|
|Concrete thinkers||Abstract thinkers|
|Notices details||Sees big picture|
|Gather info from what they can see||Gathers info from underlying patterns|
(T) Thinking vs. (F) Feeling
How we make decisions.
|Decides with head||Decides with heart|
|Judge based on logic||Judge based on feelings|
|Driven by thought||Driven by emotion|
|Gives priority to truth||Gives priority to relationships|
|Not easily upset by others' remarks||Takes remarks personally|
(J) Judging vs. (P) Perceiving
Our lifestyle preference.
The main difference between perceivers and judgers is that judgers prefer their world to be structured and planned, while perceivers prefer their world to be open ended and find that having plans is stifling. Judgers feel a sense of control in planning early and perceivers find a sense of control in leaving their options open.
|Like to finish one job before starting another||Start many things without finishing|
|Prefer to move towards closure||Keeps options open|
|Prefers to plan before taking action||Spontaneous with actions|
|Tends to stick to a plan||Tends to change decisions midway|
|Responsible||Tends to procrastinate|