Descriptions of the 8 Letters

Each personality type consists of 4 different letters. This makes up 16 different personality types. Here are descriptions of what each letter represents. Everyone is unique and will have some traits of all 8 letters, but will often be more inclined towards one letter in each pair.

(E) Extrovert vs. (I) Introvert

How we gain our energy.

The main difference between extroverts and introverts is that introverts gain their energy by being alone and extroverts gain their energy by being with others. One is not better than the other, and extroverts are not always loud and introverts are not always quiet. Introverts often enjoy social gatherings, but will get drained faster while involved in these settings. Extroverts also tend to want to be around people more but they still feel they need time alone sometimes.

Gain energy from inner worldGain energy from outer world
Thinks to clarify thoughtsSpeaks to clarify thoughts
Prefer depth over breadthPrefer breadth over depth
Initially is seen as difficult to get to knowInitially seen as easy to get to know
Likes to work independentlyPrefers to work with others
Few close relationshipsMany relationships
Reflects before making decisionsTends to make decisions quickly

(S) Sensing vs. (N) Intuitive

How we take in information.

The main difference between sensing and intuition is that sensors take in information via their five senses and through facts, and intuitives take in information via patterns, impressions ands possibilities. 

Process information through the five sensesProcess information through patterns
Thinks in the here and now Thinks of future possibilities
Concrete thinkersAbstract thinkers
Notices detailsSees big picture
Practical Idealistic
Gather info from what they can seeGathers info from underlying patterns

(T) Thinking vs. (F) Feeling

How we make decisions.

The main difference between thinking and feeling is that thinkers make decisions based on facts, and feelers make decisions based on values. In other words, thinkers use their heads more than their hearts and feelers use their hearts more than their heads. But there is a stereotype that needs to be discontinued- Thinkers aren't sensitive to others and feelers never think logically, and women are feelers and men are thinkers. These comparisons below are generalized, everyone will have traits of both in different situations. It really depends what you are more inclined to while making decisions.

Decides with headDecides with heart
Judge based on logicJudge based on feelings
Driven by thoughtDriven by emotion
Gives priority to truthGives priority to relationships
Not easily upset by others' remarksTakes remarks personally

(J) Judging vs. (P) Perceiving

Our lifestyle preference.

The main difference between perceivers and judgers is that judgers prefer their world to be structured and planned, while perceivers prefer their world to be open ended and find that having plans is stifling. Judgers feel a sense of control in planning early and perceivers find a sense of control in leaving their options open.

Like to finish one job before starting anotherStart many things without finishing
Prefer to move towards closureKeeps options open
Prefers to plan before taking actionSpontaneous with actions
Tends to stick to a planTends to change decisions midway
ResponsibleTends to procrastinate


  1. I really appreciate the break down of each letter in practical form

  2. what about explaining differences between introverted and extroverted functions and how to know which type has which of those ? that is the explanation I generally dont see anywhere, thanks

    1. I think the reason the author didn't include this is because they wanted to specifically explain the letters, not so much the differences. Though I'm sure you could find another article that explains what you wish to know.

  3. This comment has been removed by the author.

  4. This was really helpful, breaking it down in a language that is not technical makes it very easy, thank you.


      You either need a life or a grammar teacher

    2. It may seam dumb but it is somewhat insightful towards ones traits and personally this test told me the amazing things about my personality I've never seen before so I'm really happy with my results. but there might not be accurate to you and I respect the fact you had a different expriance with it then I did.

    3. Thanks to this comment and this site I was able to identify you as a a**hole!

  6. This comment has been removed by the author.

  7. Overall, this is a good, short synopsis. (Though you seem to focus on the negative elements of being a P rather than the positive contributions they bring.) Thank you!

    1. Should read "very good, short synopsis". --because it is.

    2. Abba made a good point re the J-P scale. In the MBTI many questions focus on whether you have preferences for J, and if you do not, then your preference is for P. While those with preferences for P may quickly adapt to change, those with J may be less flexible.

  8. MBTI: The Eight Function-Attitudes

    Each of the eight functions can be expressed in either the inner world or the outer world. Sometimes the same function looks very different in one world than in the other. Here are some descriptions of the functions in each world.

    Extraverted Sensing: Acts on concrete data from here and now. Trusts the present, then lets it go.

    Introverted Sensing: Compares present facts and experiences to past experience. Trusts the past. Stores sensory data for future use.

    Extraverted Intuition: Sees possibilities in the external world. Trusts flashes from the unconscious, which can then be shared with others.

    Introverted Intuition: Looks at consistency of ideas and thoughts with an internal framework. Trusts flashes from the unconscious, which may be hard for others to understand.

    Extraverted Thinking: Seeks logic and consistency in the outside world. Concern for external laws and rules.

    Introverted Thinking: Seeks internal consistency and logic of ideas. Trusts his or her internal framework, which may be difficult to explain to others.

    Extraverted Feeling: Seeks harmony with and between people in the outside world. Interpersonal and cultural values are important.

    Introverted Feeling: Seeks harmony of action and thoughts with personal values. May not always articulate those values.

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  11. شرك تسليك مجاري بالقطيف
    الصرف الصحى
    من المشكلات التي يعاني منها معظم المنازل هي انتشار المياه نتيجة عن انسداد المجاري فان هذا الوضع يكون سيء جدا ولا يوفر لهم الراحة ويجعل اصحاب المنازل

    تسليك مجاري بالخبر
    اسعار شركة الاندلس ى متناول الجميع كما توفر الدعم الكامل لدى عملائها

    شركة الصرف الصحى بالدمام
    يشعرون بالقلل ان تنتشر المياه بشكل كبير في المنزل وتأثر بالسلب علي الجدران والبلاط لا نها تعمل علي تشقق الجدران ويمكن تعمل علي العجلة من سقوط المنزل

    شركة الصرف الصحى بالخبر
    مياه المجارى من اخطر الاشياء التى تضر بسلامة المجتمع بشكل عام والاسرة بوجه خاصة لذلك تعمل شركتنا على معالجة مشاكل الصرف الصحى فلا تتردد بالاتصال بنا

    شركة تسليك مجارى بالدمام
    فيجب الحرص علي تسليك المجاري (البيارات ) بشكل مستمر حتي لا يحدث مشاكل لان انتشار المياه الملوثة والرائحة الكريهة قد يأثر علي افراد الاسرة بالإصابة بالأمراض الخطيرة

    شركة شفط بيارات بالدمام
    تحرس شركة الاندلس على الضمان الكامل على سلامة خطوط الصرف وعدم اضافة اى مواد تض بها

    شركة شفط المجارى بالخبر
    كذلك توفر سيارات شفط مياه المجارى بصفة مستمرة على مدار الاربعة وعشرون ساعة احدث المعدات المتطورة والحديثة

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  12. Thank you for the informative explanation what is the Myers Briggs Type Indicator. I think that the mbti writing style is one of the hardest in practice and not everyone can make their papers with this style. So if you will get eh task to write with this style you make some issues which can be solved with some help. You can get it from the expert services that will provide you with the professional writers who will work with your papers and will make it with the MBTI writing style. Or you can make research and read and try to write.

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  14. All are 16 personality types. What is your real personality?
    Each of the eight functions can be expressed in either the inner world or the outer world. Sometimes the same function looks very different in one world than in the other. Here are some descriptions of the functions in each world.

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  16. thank you for this great explanation! I never really understood the myers-briggs personality type. I kinda just pretended to understand the differences when people would talk about it. Like I knew what mine was (INFJ) but I didn't really care about anyone else's. Is that selfish? idk

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  19. The only thing I disagree with is that they said I judge people. I don't think I judge people but I might but beside that this personality test and results work really well.